Fang ZHANG,Juan ZHAO,Yujie ZHANG,et al.Antipredator Behavioral Responses of Native and Exotic Tadpoles to Novel Predator[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2015,6(1):51-58.[doi:10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.140023]
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Antipredator Behavioral Responses of Native and Exotic Tadpoles to Novel Predator
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Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

Issue:
2015 VoI.6 No.1
Page:
51-58
Research Field:
Original Article
Publishing date:
2015-03-25

Info

Title:
Antipredator Behavioral Responses of Native and Exotic Tadpoles to Novel Predator
Author(s):
Fang ZHANG1 Juan ZHAO1 Yujie ZHANG1 Kevin MESSENGER2 and Yong WANG2*
1 College of Life Sciences, Anhui Normal University, Wuhu, 241000, China
2 Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Alabama Agricultural and Mechanical University, Normal, Alabama, 35762, USA
Keywords:
tadpoles Bullfrog antipredator responses chemical cues novel predator
PACS:
-
DOI:
10.16373/j.cnki.ahr.140023
Abstract:
Factors related to the invasion process, such as high abundance of invaders, residence time, and functional distinctiveness, are well documented, but less attention has been given to the effects of antipredator strategy of invasive species during colonization. In this study, we explored the antipredator strategy of an introduced species by comparing the predator avoidance behaviors of two native anuran species and one introduced (“exotic”) species in the presence of different predators. The two native anuran species used in the study were Black-spotted Pond Frog Rana nigromaculata and Terrestrial Frog Rana limnocharis. The introduced (invasive) species used was American bullfrog Lithobates catesbeianus. Chinese pond turtle Chinemys reevesii, Red-backed rat snake Elaphe rufodorsata, and Big-headed turtle Platysternon megacephalum were used as predator species. Chinese pond turtles and Red-backed rat snakes are native predators of Black-spotted Pond Frogs and Terrestrial Frogs, while Big-headed turtles are novel (“unfamiliar”) to the two frogs. All three predator species are novel (“unfamiliar”) to the American bullfrog. The results show that tadpoles of the two native species displayed behaviors of recognizing the two native predators, but did not display the capability of identifying the novel predator. Results from our study also suggest that American bullfrog tadpoles exhibited strong antipredator behavioral responses by displaying the capability of identifying “unfamiliar” predators without cohabitation history and prior exposure to them. Such antipredator behavioral responses could have resulted in more favorable outcomes for an invading species during the invasive introductory process.

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