Xiaohe WANG,Kevin MESSENGER,Ermi ZHAO and Chaodong ZHU.Reclassification of Oligodon ningshaanensis Yuan, 1983 (Ophidia: Colubridae) into a New Genus, Stichophanes gen. nov. with Description on Its Malacophagous Behavior[J].Asian Herpetological Research(AHR),2014,5(3):137-149.[doi:10.3724/SP.J.1245.2014.00137]
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Reclassification of Oligodon ningshaanensis Yuan, 1983 (Ophidia: Colubridae) into a New Genus, Stichophanes gen. nov. with Description on Its Malacophagous Behavior
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Asian Herpetological Research[ISSN:2095-0357/CN:51-1735/Q]

2014 VoI.5 No.3
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Original Article
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Reclassification of Oligodon ningshaanensis Yuan, 1983 (Ophidia: Colubridae) into a New Genus, Stichophanes gen. nov. with Description on Its Malacophagous Behavior
Xiaohe WANG1 Kevin MESSENGER2 Ermi ZHAO1* and Chaodong ZHU3*
1 Chengdu Institute of Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041, Sichuan, China
2 Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, Alabama A and M University, Normal 35801, Alabama, USA
3 Institute of Zoology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Stichophanes gen. nov. ningshaanensis Dipsadinae molecular phylogeny hemipenial morphology mollusks-predator
The complete mitochondrial cytb gene and the partial nuclear c-mos gene of Oligodon ningshaanensis Yuan, 1983 were sequenced and used for reconstructing the phylogenetic relationship of this taxon amongst alethinophidian snakes. Its strong affinity to the New World subfamily Dipsadinae and the Old World species Thermophis baileyi was inferred. Hemipenial morphology found by authors conflicts with the original description and its similarity with those of the dipsadid snakes is in accordance with our molecular results. Feeding tests show that O. ningshaanensis is a malacophagous predator, which is another matchless character for this species. This behavior is described and compared with other known slug- and snail-feeding snakes. The discovery of the particular position of our subject indicates that erecting a new genus is necessary accommodate this unique species.


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Last Update: 2016-01-25